ANSWERS OF THE DAY (18.09.2018)
- Aurangzeb’s death marked the downfall of the great Mughal empire. Critically examine.
Aurangzeb’s death marked the downfall of the great Mughal empire. This is attributed to the reasons under following heads:
1. Overambitious expansion of territory: –Though the expansion of Mughal Empire reached its pinnacle under Aurangzeb yet it had expanded beyond the point of effective control and its vastness only inclined to weaken the center.
2.Religious Bigotry:-Aurangzeb adhered to the time-worn policies of Islamic law,originated outside India in dissimilar situations and could hardly be applied rigidly. This religious bias provoked a general discontent in the country and the empire was faced with the rebellions of Sikhs, the Jats, the Bundelas, the Rajputs and above all, the Marathas.
3.Religious Intolerance: His ill-attitude towards non-Muslim citizens ranging from demolishing of the non-Muslim worship places, to the imposition of jizya tax on non-Muslim citizens, alienated the Hindus, which constituted major portion of the population.
4.Archaic governance: The Mughals made very little effort to drag India out of the Middle Ages. They clung to age-old practices in agriculture, industry and trade as against their contemporaries.
5.Prolonged Military Wars:-Draining of resources in different military successions and especially the continuous Deccan wars, proved to be fatal.
The Mughal empire, being already embroiled in above-mentioned difficulties, upon Aurangzeb’s death, with no worthy successor to ascend the throne started to wane.
Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century? [CSE(PRE)-2011]
a. Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation- of tribal products.
b. Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas.
c. Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal area.
d. The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the tribal communities.
DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS
- Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is constituted under the
a. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
b. Forest Conservation Act, 1980
c. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1974
d. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
Source: Central Pollution Control Board
- Look at the following statements
1.Chief Information Commission (CIC) has been constituted under the Right to Information Act, 2005.
2.Chief Information Commissioner heads the CIC and has been appointed for term of five years from the date on which they enter upon their office(s) or till they attain the age of sixty five years, whichever is earlier.
3.Chief Information Commissioner is eligible for reappointment.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct:
a. 1 & 2
b. 2 & 3
c. 1 & 3
d. 1, 2 & 3
Prepared by :