a) Environmental benefits :

  • Reduction of pressure on natural forests.
  • More efficient recycling of nutrients by deep rooted trees on the site
  • Better protection of ecological systems
  • Reduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching and soil erosion through impeding effect of tree roots and stems on these processes.
  • Improvement of microclimate, such as lowering of soil surface temperature and reduction of evaporation of soil moisture through a combination of mulching and      shading.
  • Increment in soil nutrients through addition and decomposition of litter fall.
  • Improvement of soil structure through the constant addition of organic matter   from decomposed litter.
  • It  is  also  recognized  that  Agroforestry  is  perhaps  the  only  alternative  to  meeting the target of increasing forest or tree cover to 33 per cent from the    present level of less than 25 per cent, as envisaged in the National Forest Policy (1988).
  • Agroforestry is known to have the potential to mitigate the climate change effects through microclimate moderation and natural resources conservation in the short run and through carbon sequestration in the long run. Agroforestry species are known to sequester as much carbon in below ground biomass as the primary forests, and far greater than the crop and grass systems.

b) Economic benefits :

  • Increment in outputs of food, fuel wood , fodder, fertiliser and timber.
  • Reduction in incidence of total crop failure, which is common to single cropping  or monoculture systems.
  • Increase in levels of farm income due to improved and sustained productivity.
  • Agroforestry  has  significant  potential  to  provide  employment  to  rural  and urban  population  through  production,  industrial  application  and  value  addition ventures.  Current  estimates  show  that  about  65  %  of  the  country’s  timber requirement  is  met  from  the  trees  grown  on  farms.  Agroforestry  also  generates significant employment opportunities.

C) Social benefits :   

  • Improvement in rural living standards from sustained employ¬ment and higher income.
  • Improvement in nutrition and health due to increased quality and diversity of food outputs.
  • Stabilization and improvement of communities through elimination of the need to shift sites of farm activities.


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