Commerce and Accountancy Paper – II UPSC Mains Syllabus

Commerce and Accountancy Paper – II UPSC Mains Syllabus


Organisation Theory and Behaviour, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations Organisation Theory and Behaviour

1. Organisation Theory: Nature and Concept of Organisation;

  • External Environment of Organizations -Technological, Social, Political, Economical and Legal;
  • Organizational Goals – Primary and Secondary goals, Single and Multiple Goals; Management by Objectives.
  • Evolution of Organisation Theory: Classical, Neo-classical and Systems Approach.
  • Modern Concepts of Organisation Theory: Organisational Design, Organisational Structure and Organisational Culture.
  • Organisational Design–Basic Challenges; Differentiation and Integration Process; Centralization and Decentralization Process; Standardization / Formalization and Mutual Adjustment.
  • Coordinating Formal and Informal Organizations. Mechanistic and Organic Structures. Designing Organizational structures–Authority and Control; Line and Staff Functions, Specialization and Coordination.
  • Types of Organization Structure –Functional. Matrix Structure, Project Structure.
  • Nature and Basis of Power , Sources of Power, Power Structure and Politics.
  • Impact of Information Technology on Organizational Design and Structure. Managing Organizational Culture.

2. Organisation Behaviour: Meaning and Concept; Individual in organizations: Personality, Theories, and Determinants;

  • Perception – Meaning and Process.
  • Motivation: Concepts, Theories and Applications.
  • Leadership-Theories and Styles.
  • Quality of Work Life (QWL): Meaning and its impact on Performance, Ways of its Enhancement.
  • Quality Circles (QC) – Meaning and their Importance.
  • Management of Conflicts in Organizations.
  • Transactional Analysis, Organizational Effectiveness, Management of Change.
  • Human Resources Management and Industrial Relations

1. Human Resources Management (HRM): Meaning, Nature and Scope of HRM,

  • Human Resource Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Job Specification, Recruitment Process, Selection Process, Orientation and Placement,
  • Training and Development Process,
  • Performance Appraisal and 360° Feed Back,
  • Salary and Wage Administration, Job Evaluation, Employee Welfare, Promotions, Transfers and Separations.

2. Industrial Relations (IR): Meaning, Nature, Importance and Scope of IR, Formation of Trade Unions, Trade Union Legislation, Trade Union Movement in India.

  • Recognition of Trade Unions, Problems of Trade Unions in India.
  • Impact of Liberalization on Trade Union Movement.
  • Nature of Industrial Disputes : Strikes and Lockouts , Causes of Disputes, Prevention and Settlement of Disputes.
  • Worker’s Participation in Management: Philosophy, Rationale, Present Day Status and Future Prospects. Adjudication and Collective Bargaining.
  • Industrial Relations in Public Enterprises, Absenteeism and Labour Turnover in Indian Industries and their Causes and Remedies. ILO and its Functions.

Commerce and Accountancy Paper – I UPSC Mains Syllabus

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