Indian Culture

Indian Culture (meaning cultivating)

  • Culture may be defined as the way an individual and especially a group live, think, feel and organised themselves, celebrate and share life.
  • Culture thus refers to a human-made environment which includes all the material (dress, food, and household goods) and non-material products(ideas, ideals, thoughts and belief) of group life that are transmitted from one generation to the next.
  • In deeper sense it is culture that produces the kind of  literature, music, dance, sculpture, architecture and various other art forms as well as the many organisations and structures that make the functioning of the society smooth and well-ordered.
  • Culture is the expression of our nature in our modes of living and thinking.

Civilisation is advanced state of culture, having better ways of living and sometimes making nature bend to fulfil their needs.


  • learned and acquired(Acquired from past):
  • Shared by a group of people
  • Cumulative
  • Dynamic (i.e able to adapt and is changing from period to period)
  • Diverse
  • Ideational


  • Mutili-Religious  (Religious Diversity)– Principals like- Sarva Dharma Sambhava
  • Multi-lingual  (Linguistic Diversity)
  • Multi-ethnic
  • Multi-Racial  (Racial Diversity)
  • Socio-Cultural Diversity
  • Continuity and change
  • Variety and Unity
  • Universalism
  • Secular Outlook
  • Materialistic and Spiritualistic
  • Due to its adaptability and comprehensiveness, Indian culture has survived through the ages.
  • Unity in diversity is one of the major characteristics of Indian culture which makes it unique.
  • A synthesis of various cultures came about through the ages to give shape to what is recognised as Indian culture today.

Reference Books:

Indian Art and Culture 

Indian Art & Culture NIOS 

Bharatiya Kala Evam Sanskriti

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