Infrastructure Schemes

Infrastructure Schemes


  1. UDAN- “Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik”
  2. Bharatmala Setu Bharatam
  3. Char Dham Highway Project
  5. ePACE (Projects Appraisal & Continuing Enhancements)
  7. Avataran
  8. VIKALP – Alternate Train Accommodation Service (ATAS)
  9. Sagarmala
  10. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
  12. Swachh Bharat Mission
  13. Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
  14. Jal Kranti Abhiyan
  15. National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
  16. Namami Gange Programme
  17. Ganga Gram


1. UDAN-Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik

By : Ministry of Civil Aviation

Beneficiaries :

  • All air passengers and the potential customers.

Part of : The scheme is a component of the National Civil Aviation Policy (NCAP) which was released on June 15, 2016.

Features :

  • UDAN is a regional airport development and Regional Connectivity Scheme” (RCS)
  • Objective – “Let the common citizen of the country fly”,
  • Aim to make air travel affordable & cheaper for all and widespread, to boost inclusive national economic development, job growth and air transport infrastructure development of all regions and states of India.
  • The scheme has two components.
    1. First : to develop new and enhance the existing regional airports to increase the number of operational airports for the scheduled civilian flights from 70 (in May 2016, total 98 operational including army airports to at least 150 airports (by December 2018) with regular scheduled flights.
    2. Second : to add several hundred financially-viable capped-airfare new regional flight routes to connect more than 100 undeserved and unserved airports in smaller towns with each other as well as with well served airports in bigger cities by using “Viability Gap Funding” (VGF) where needed.
  • The VGF will be used to bridge the gap between the cost of airline operations and expected revenue. Airline operators would be extended VGF estimated to be around Rs 205 crore per annum for the operators chosen in the first round of bidding.
  • Among the commitments of the States are those to make sufficient land available; ensure adequate security; and provide essential services at concessional rates for the airports or air strips. The Centre would like the States to provide minimum land, free of cost, for development of the RCS airports. More importantly, the States will have to bear 20% towards VGF. The share will be 10% for North Eastern States and Union Territories.
  • The government aims at making flying affordable by capping fares at Rs. 2500 per seat per hour.

2. Bharatmala

By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Objective :

  • Bharatmala Pariyojana is a new umbrella program for the highways sector that focuses on optimising efficiency of freight and passenger movement across the country by bridging critical infrastructure gaps through effective interventions like development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes, National Corridor Efficiency Improvement, Border and International connectivity roads, Coastal and Port connectivity roads and Green-field expressways.

Features :

  • Improving the quality of roads – The launch of the scheme has been done for bring a new wave of development in the nation in the form of well-maintained and developed roads. Under this
    project, the construction of roads, in all parts of the nation will be undertaken.
  • Total road construction – As per the draft of the scheme, government and the ministry will strive to complete new roads, which will add up to a whopping 34,800 kms.
  • Integrated scheme – The Bharatmala is the name that is given to the road development and it will include many other related schemes as well. With the completion of all the schemes, the overall success of the scheme will be guaranteed.
  • Total tenure of the program -The central government has the plans of finishing the scheme within a span of five years. Thus, all is set for finishing the first phase before the end of 2022.

3. Setu Bharatam

By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Objective & Features :

  • Aim to make all National Highways free of railway level crossings by 2019.
  • To prevent the frequent accidents and loss of lives at level crossings.
  • 208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)/Railway Under Bridges (RUB) will be built at the level crossings at a cost of Rs. 20,800 crore as part of the programme.
  • In addition to this, about 1500 old and worn down bridges will also be improved by replacement/widening/strengthening in a phased manner at a cost of about Rs. 30,000 crores.

4. Char Dham Highway Project

By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

What? :

  • It is a proposed two-lane (in each direction) express National Highway with a minimum width of 10 metres in the state of Uttarakhand.
  • The proposed highway will complement the under development Chota Char Dham Railway by connecting the four holy places in Uttarakhand states in-cludes Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri.
  • The project includes 900 km national highways will connect whole of Uttarakhand state.


By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

What? : INFRACON is the National Portal for Infrastructure Consultancy Firms and Key Personnel.

Objective & Key Features :

  • This portal acts as a kind of bridge between consultancy firms working in the road engineering and construction sector and domain experts and key personnel who are deployed both for project preparation and supervision.
  • The portal hosts the credentials of consultancy firms and key personnel and has linkages to Aadhaar and Digi-locker for data validation and purity.
  • It aims for a significant reduction of paper work during bid submissions and to usher in transparency and speed since the evaluation of technical bids can be done at the click of a button.

6. ePACE (Projects Appraisal & Continuing Enhancements)

By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

What? : An online integrated Management Information System that brings projects from all wings of the Ministry under a common platform, ensuring their effective and real time tracking.


By : Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

What? : 

  • Web-based application ( for Infrastructure and Material Providers.
  • Kind of a web based market place that brings together the material providers and the prospective buyers on a common platform.

8. Avataran

By : Ministry of Railways

Objective : To transform the railways through the seven missions.


1. Mission 25 Tonnes : To increase revenue by augmenting carrying capacity. To achieve this 10-20% freight loading will be done through 25-tonne axle-load wagons and target movement of 70% of freight traffic on high axle load wagons by FY19-20.

2. Mission Zero Accident: It comprises of two sub missions:

a) Elimination of unmanned level crossings : The goal is eliminate all unmanned level crossings on Broad Gauge in the next 3-4 years through innovative financing mechanisms. It will reduce deaths due to accidents and improve throughput of the network
b) TCAS (Train Collision Avoidance System) : An indigenous technology has been developed to equip 100% of the High Density Network with TCAS in the next 3 years. This will prevent head on collisions and improve throughput by increasing average sectional speeds.

3. Mission PACE (Procurement and Consumption Efficiency) : To improve our procurement and consumption practices to improve the quality of goods and services. It will introduce a culture of optimum usage by adopting practices such as Vendor Managed Inventory, direct procurement of High Speed Diesel (HSD), new procedures for identification and disposal of scrap.

4. Mission Raftaar : It targets doubling of average speeds of freights trains and increasing the average speed of super-fast mail/express trains by 25 kmph in the next 5 years. Loco hauled passenger trains will be replaced by DEMU/MEMU over the next five years. It will complement Mission 25 Tonne to increase throughput of the railway system.

5. Mission Hundred : This mission will commission at least a hundred sidings in the next 2 years. The current siding/PFT policy would be revised to elicit greater private participation. An online portal will be operated for accepting and processing all new applications, along with decentralisation of powers.

6. Mission beyond bookkeeping : It will establish an accounting system where outcomes can be tracked to inputs. This will transform IR as right accounting would determine right costing and hence right pricing and right outcomes.

7. Mission Capacity Utilisation : It proposes to prepare a blueprint for making full use of the huge new capacity that will be created through two Dedicated Freight Corridors between Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Kolkata scheduled to be commissioned by 2019.

9. VIKALP – Alternate Train Accommodation Service (ATAS)

By : Ministry of Railways

What? : 

  • Under the new reservation scheme called ‘Vikalp’, or ATAS, passengers who have booked tickets in other mail or express trains, can avail the option of travelling in premium trains to their booked destinations with no extra cost.
  • The aim to roll out such a scheme is to utilise vacant berths in premier trains.

10. Sagarmala

By : Ministry of Shipping

Objective : The idea is to reduce logistics cost for foreign and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment. This includes:

  • Reducing cost of transporting domestic cargo through optimizing modal mix.
  • Lowering logistics cost of bulk commodities by locating future industrial capacities near the coast.
  • Improving export competitiveness by developing port proximate discrete manufacturing clusters.
  • Optimizing time/cost of EXIM container movement.


As per the National Perspective Plan, the programme rests on FOUR MAIN PILLARS

i) Port modernisation and new port development :

  • To develop 6 new ports across five coastal states of India.
  • Modernise several dozen more ports.
  • 189 projects with a projected cost of USD 21 Billion have been identified.

ii) Port connectivity enhancement :

  • Improved port connectivity can provide the much needed boost to internal trade as well as Export and Import.
  • 170 port connectivity enhancement projects have been identified at a projected cost of USD 35 Billion.

iii) Port-linked industrialization : 

  • The 33 port-linked industrialisation projects at a projected cost of USD 65 Billion, will complement the Make in India vision.
  • 14 Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) have been proposed as economic regions hosting industrial clusters. CEZs are aimed at reducing time and costs required for Export/Import movement and domestic cargo, thus becoming a focal point of Port- linked industrialisation.

iv) Coastal community development :

  • With 72 coastal districts hosting 18% population of India, the development of these communities becomes an integral aspect of overall socio-economic development of the
  • The plan is to involve these communities in the overall progress of the region.
  • 23 projects have been identified so far under this aspect of the initiative, which will be funded by MoS and Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF).
  • Skilling of coastal communities, livelihood enhancement and employment-creation opportunities are at the core of the Government’s agenda.

11. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

By : Ministry of Urban Development

Objective : 

  • AMRUT aims to provide basic civic amenities like water supply, sewerage, urban transport, parks as to improve the quality of life for all especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
  • The focus is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of better services to the citizens.
  • The purpose of “AMRUT” mission is to
    (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection
    (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces e.g. parks
    (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorised transport e.g. walking and cycling.
  • The Mission covers 500 cities that includes all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities.


By : Ministry of Urban Development

Objective : 

  • Smart Cities Mission is an urban renewal and retrofitting program.
  • Aim is to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
  • The strategic components of area-based development in the Smart Cities Mission are city improvement (retrofitting), city renewal (redevelopment) and city extension (greenfield development) plus a Pan-city initiative in which Smart Solutions are applied covering larger parts of the city.

13. Swachh Bharat Mission

By : Ministry of Urban Development

Objective : 

  • Swachh Bharat Mission is a pan India movement that seeks to create a defecation free India by 2019.
  • The mission will cover all rural and urban areas.


Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development

  • The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing about a behavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices.
  • Under the programme, community toilets will be built in residential areas where it is difficult to construct individual household toilets.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) implemented by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation

  • The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). The mission aims to make India an open defecation free country in Five Years.
  • It seeks to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitised.

14. Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)

By : Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Objective : 

  • Holistic development of heritage cities.
  • Aim is to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment.
  • The scheme supports development of core heritage infrastructure projects which shall include revitalisation of urban infrastructure for areas around heritage assets identified / approved by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India and State Governments.
  • These initiatives shall include development of water supply, sanitation, drainage, waste management, approach roads, footpaths, street lights, tourist conveniences, electricity wiring, landscaping and such citizen services.

15. Jal Kranti Abhiyan

By : Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Objective : 

  • Jal Kranti Abhiyan aims at turning one water scarce village in each district of the country into water surplus village water through a holistic and integrated approach by adopting conservation and management techniques.
  • Under the nationwide campaign a village with acute water scarcity on a pilot project will be selected as Jal Gram. In this identified village a comprehensive integrated development plan will
    be framed and several water conservation activities will be launched.
  • Activities proposed under the campaign include rain water harvesting, recycling of waste water, micro irrigation for using water efficiently and mass awareness program. Along with it, a cadre of local water professional Jal Mitra will be created and they will be given training to create mass awareness.

16. National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

By :  Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

What ? :

  • NMCG is the implementation wing of National Ganga Council which was set up in October 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities order 2016.
  • The order dissolved National Ganga River Basin Authority.
  • The aim is to clean the Ganga and its tributaries in a comprehensive manner.

17. Namami Gange Programme

By : Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Objective : 

  • Namami Gange Programme, an integrated conservation mission, was approved as the flagship programme by the government in June 2014 with budget outlay of ₹20,000 crores to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the Ganga.

Main Pillars : 

  • Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
  • River-Front Development
  • River-Surface Cleaning
  • Maintaining Bio-Diversity
  • Afforestation
  • Raising Public Awareness
  • Industrial Effluent Monitoring
  • Ganga Gram

18. Ganga Gram

By : Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Objective :

  • To develop a model village, that will exhibit itself as comprehensive and harmonious package of economic, historic, cultural and sanitised unit, on banks of Ganga, which is self-sustaining.
  • Promoting brand “Ganga” in its handicraft, organic farm produce and tourism will be other spin offs.

Components of Ganga Grams :

1. Making village Open Defecation Free
2. Proper management of village waste draining into river Ganga
3. Proper disposal of solid waste
4. Water conservation activities including rain water harvesting/ground water recharge/maintain of well and ponds, promotion of sprinkler irrigation
5. Encourage plantation of medicinal plants and promotion of organic farming
6. Construction of crematorium
7. Promotion of tourism
8. Coordination between various Central and State Governments sponsored schemes and their implementation on priority in Ganga Grams

Schemes For Financial Inclusion- By Ministry of Finance

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