Price Monitoring and Research Unit (PMRU)

Price Monitoring and Research Unit (PMRU)

What is the News?

  • Kerala has become the first State to set up a price monitoring and research unit (PMRU) to track violation of prices of essential drugs and medical devices under the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO).
  • The move comes more than five years after the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) proposed such a system for the States and the Union Territories.

Composition of PMRU

  • The State Health Secretary would be the Chairman of the society and the Drugs Controller would be its member secretary.
  • Its members include a State government representative, representatives of private pharmaceutical companies, and those from consumer rights protection fora.
  • The society would also have an executive committee headed by the Drugs Controller.

Role of PMRU

  • The new watchdog will offer technical help to the State Drug Controllers and the NPPA to,
    • monitor notified prices of medicines,
    • detect violation of the provisions of the DPCO,
    • look at price compliance, collect test samples of medicines, and
    • collect and compile market-based data of scheduled as well as non-scheduled formulations.

The suggestion to set up PMRUs was made against the backdrop of the lack of a field-level link between the NPPA and the State Drugs Controllers and State Drug Inspectors to monitor drug prices.

About NPPA

  • National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India.It was formed on 29 August 1997.
  • NPPA fixes ceiling price of essential medicines that are listed in Schedule I of DPCO, 2013.

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