1. Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. In this context draw contrast between El-Nino and ocean tides.


  1. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino?                       [CSE(PRE)-2011].


  1. La Nina is characterised by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterised by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
  2. El Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d .Neither 1 nor 2



  1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about the the National Technical Board on Nutrition?


  1. It is under the ambit of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  2. It is currently chaired by the Secretary of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  3. Its main function includes making technical recommendations on the policy relevant issues in concerning nutrition for women and children.

a. 3 only

b. 2 & 3 only

c. 1 & 3 only

d. All of the above


  1. Under the Muslim Women (Protection of Marriage) Ordinance, 2018, instant Triple Talaq has been made a cognizable offence. In the light of the above statement, which of the following statement(s) is/are true about an ordinance?


  1. Under Article 123 of Indian Constitution, the power to promulgate ordinances rests with the President, on the recommendation of the union cabinet.
  2. They can only be issued when Parliament is in session.
  3. An ordinance needs the approval of either of the houses for ratification.

a. 1 only

b. 1 & 3 only

c. 1 & 2 only

d. All of the above


Prepared by : Bikesh Varman

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