Sahariya Tribes and Antyodaya Yojana

Sahariya Tribes and Antyodaya Yojana


What is the News?

The Sahariya tribal community of the Shahbad region in Baran district, which recorded 47 starvation deaths during the 2001 drought, waits for concerted welfare measures that could take them out of poverty, unemployment and malnutrition.

Though the 70,000 strong community has been classified as a particularly vulnerable tribal group because of low development indices, the benefits of additional days of work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and the supply of essential items under the Antyodaya Yojana are not fully available to them.

About Sahariya Tribes

  • Sahariya tribe comes under the special backward tribes of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The Saharias are mainly found in many districts of Madhya Pradesh and Baran district of Rajasthan.
  • Traditionally, they trace their beginnings to the days of the Ramayana and beyond.They trace their origin from Shabri of the Ramayan.
  • Due to the fact that it is the most backward tribe of Madhya Pradesh the government declared this tribe as special backward tribe.
  • The tribe members believe in Folk Hinduism’s gods and goddess that they worship and celebrate in major festivals
  • They are also known as the younger brothers of Bhil’s (Bhils or Bheels are primarily an ethnic group of people in West India).
  • Their habitats are located in the forest area, barren and stony land and they are still a primitive society.
  • Even after a long span of India’s independence, the people of Sahariya tribe are economically underdeveloped and socially backward.
  • Sahariya tribe is losing its primitive nature and status due to the social changes, encroachment of forests and rapid urbanization.


Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana

  • It is a scheme for upliftment of urban and rural poor through enhancement of livelihood opportunities through skill development.
  • It is a new scheme to replace the National Rural Livelihood Mission (Ajeevika) and National Urban Livelihood Mission implemented by Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
  • It will provide Skill training to the poor in cities and villages by making them eligible for employment and will help in poverty alleviation.

Focus will be on:

  1. Imparting skills with an expenditure of Rs.15,000 – Rs.18,000 on each urban poor;
  2. Promotion of self-employment through setting up individual micro-enterprises and group enterprises with interest subsidy for individual projects costing Rs.2.00 lakhs and Rs.10.00 lakhs for group enterprises. Subsidized interest rate will be 7%;
  3. Training urban poor to meet the huge demand from urban citizens by imparting market-oriented skills through City Livelihood Centres. Each Centre would be given a capital grant of Rs.10.00 lakhs.

4.Enabling urban poor form Self-Help Groups for meeting financial and social needs with a support of Rs.10,000/- per each group who would in turn would be helped with bank linkages;

  1. Development of vendor markets besides promotion of skills of vendors; and
  2. Construction of permanent shelters for urban homeless and provision of other essential services

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