UPPCS Prelims 2018 General Studies Solved Paper Part-1 (Series-A)
Q 1. Saving energy and other resources for the future without sacrificing people’s comfort is the definition of which of the following concepts?
- Economic growth
- Economic development
- Sustainable development
- Human development
Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report:
“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
Q 2. World Population day is observed on
- 11th July
- 8 May
- 5 June
- 16 October
World Population Day, which seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues, was established by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989, an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987.
2018 theme: “Family Planning is a Human Right”
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights, where family planning was, for the first time, globally affirmed to be a human right.
The conference’s outcome document, known as the Teheran Proclamation, stated unequivocally: “Parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children.”
Embedded in this legislative language was a game-changing realization: Women and girls have the right to avoid the exhaustion, depletion and danger of too many pregnancies, too close together. Men and women have the right to choose when and how often to embrace parenthood — if at all. Every individual has the human right to determine the direction and scope of his or her future in this fundamental way.
Nine standards to uphold the human right to family planning:
- Non-discrimination: Family planning information and services cannot be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Available: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
- Accessible: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.
- Acceptable: Contraceptive services and information must be provided in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and the cultures of those being accommodated.
- Good quality: Family planning information must be clearly communicated and scientifically accurate.
- Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.
- Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.
- Participation: Countries have an obligation to ensure the active and informed participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.
- Accountability: Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.
- Cental Council of Ministers
- Lok Sabha
- Rajya Sabha
- Planning Commission(Now Niti Ayog)
The Planning Commission of India (Now NITI Aayog) periodically estimates poverty lines and poverty ratios for each year for which Large Sample Surveys on Household Consumer Expenditure have been conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
- Uttar Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
Q 5. Direct Tax Code in India is related to which of the following?
- Sales Tax
- Income Tax
- Excise Tax
- Service Tax
Q 6: The Head Quarters of the ‘Green Peace International’ is located at
Greenpeace is an international non-governmental organisation working for the protection and conservation of the environment. It was set up in Vancouver, Canada in 1971 The organisation has raised environmental issues to public knowledge and influenced both the private and the public sector.
Q 7: The “ABC Index” announced by the Government of India is related with;
The Achievements of Babies and Children (ABC) Index measures four very basic aspects of child well being – survival, immunisation, nutrition and schooling. India scores no more than 66% overall. But states such as Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh, and even Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, have made rapid strides in child development.
It is rights-based approach and outstanding records of active state involvement in the provision of health, nutrition and education services.
The “ABC Index” is an unweighted average of the four indicators.
- Survival(% of children who survive to age 5)
- Immunisation (% of children who are fully immunised)
- Nutrition (% of children who are not underweight)
- Schooling (% of children who attend school)
Q8. According to the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) what percentage of world’s total population is currently living in urban areas?
55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68% by 2050.
- Carbon dioxide
- Carbon mono-oxide
- Fly ash
Secondary pollutant form when primary pollutants emitted directly from a combustion process react in the atmosphere. Primary pollutants include ammonia, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide. Secondary pollutants include ground-level ozone, acid rain and nutrient enrichment compounds.
Smog is a type of air pollutant. The word “smog” was coined in the early 20th century as a portmanteau of the words smoke and fog to refer to smoky fog, its opacity, and odor.
- Deep Sea
- Tropical rainforest
- Coral reefs