- Values those Beliefs which are important to a person
- Values are ideas that we aspire to achieve like equality
- Values evaluate our actions. Eg some may prefer honesty over success
- A set of values form a value system
- It occurs when individual values come in conflict with the institution’s values
- Value based conflict is quite common in public policy
- Many policy decisions are choices between competing values
- Example – efforts to promote equality may come in conflict with merit and efficiency
- Example – Need for national security may come in conflict with Right to Privacy
- Values shared by all human beings irrespective of their religion, culture or nationality
- These guide our interaction with other human beings. It is what we expect others and to do and what we aim to give to others
- Eg everyone wants to be loved or live in peace. Thus love and peace are human values
- Other examples – Truth, Respect, Justice, Compassion, Discipline etc
Role of Family in inculcating Values
- Family is the first social institution a child interacts with
- He acquires his/her first set of ideas, values and morals from his family. Eg. A child coming from a family of criminals is more vulnerable to committing one himself.
- The family environment aids the intellectual growth of a child. Eg stories of children from poor families clearing tough exams because their parents guided them in the right direction.
- Elders in Indian Joint Family systems play a moderating role. It is absent in western societies. Thus, if children do not get along with parents, they tend to drift apart.
- Healthy customs passed on from generations help a child in leading a disciplined and organized life. Eg. Diwali Pooja teaches us the virtue of humility and gratitude.
Role of Educational Institutions in inculcating Values
- Education necessary means transmission of values and knowledge
- A school acts as a small controlled society that provides the right environment for the moral growth of a child
- Teachers play a role model for children. They shape their behaviour outside family. Eg building a scientific temper. Values of cooperation, leadership, responsibility, sincerity, work ethics are learnt in school
- Social Justice, Democracy, Secularism etc are not mere theoretical terms, but ethical values that are to imparted to a child for him to grow into a responsible citizen of the country